Different types and properties of water

What types of water are. Different types and properties of water. Signs for which the classification of all existing and produced on the planet of water is performed. Features and composition of each variety of water. Subspecies of the aquatic environment in various physical and chemical characteristics. Want to know what types of water are there? Different types and properties of water are obtained depending on certain physical and chemical characteristics of the aquatic environment.

What features is water classified?

Different types of water have different properties and composition. There are several liquids classifications:

  1. Fluid division into different species depending on hydrogen isotopes in the water medium molecule.
  2. Classification of water on the concentration of dissolved saline particles.
  3. Water division, which is obtained in the process of interaction with other components.
  4. Classification of water by its location in nature.
  5. Natural aquatic media.
  6. The liquid formed as a result of various types of human activity.
  7. Other water of the aquatic environment.

Each type of water has its own separate classification. Let's look at division on certain types of water, their features and properties.

Fluid division into different types depending on hydrogen isotopes in the water medium molecule

Different types of water in nature can be classified by hydrogen isotopes to such categories:

  • Easy water medium is such a kind of aquatic environment that has passed the process of cleaning from heavy components. As a rule, drinking water is mostly light liquid.
  • A heavy aqueous medium is a liquid with the same chemical formula, as well as ordinary water, however, in its composition, hydrogen molecules are substituted with two heavy hydrogen isotopes.
  • The pulmonary water medium is water that is not detected in its pure form. It usually is in any variety of water in a small amount.
  • The superheassed aqueous medium is characterized by the replacement of hydrogen molecules with two tritium isotopes.
  • Heavy-oxogeneous types of water media with isotopes.

Classification of water on the concentration of dissolved salt particles

Various types of drinking water and non-drinking fluid can be classified on the basis of pickling on such subspecies:

  • A rigid or soft water medium is due to the rigidity of water. It depends on the concentration of dissolved salts in water. Most often the presence of calcium and magnesium salts is detected. In this case, all chemically and physical properties of the fluid are directly related to the concentration of alkaline earth metal salts.
  • Fresh aqueous medium is a liquid in which salts concentration not higher than 0.1 percent.
  • Sea aqueous medium is a liquid with a large content of salts. Their concentration may be within 34.72 percent.
  • Mineral natural water is a liquid from underground sources, in which the concentration of trace elements and active minerals is very high. It is the content of these substances and explains the healing properties of such water. In turn, it is divided into different types of water: water with a low degree of mineralization, water with an average of the concentration of minerals, a liquid with a high level of mineralization, brine water, strong brine water.
  • Salon water types on Earth are an intermediate state of water, the concentration of minerals in which more than in fresh, but less than in the marine water environment.
  • The distilled aqueous medium is a liquid that has passed the process of evaporation and condensation, due to which it got rid of any salts and impurities contained in it.

What types of water are. Different types and properties of water

Water division, which is obtained in the process of interaction with other components

Different types of water are obtained by its interaction with other components. So the types of aquatic environment are formed:

  • Shungitis medium is obtained with shungite reaction.
  • Silicon water is obtained when interacting with silicon.
  • The coral fluid is formed at the proof of corals.
  • Oxygen medium enriched with oxygen.
  • The filtered water medium passes the cleaning process in filters.
  • Silver.
  • Golden.
  • Copper.

Classification of water by its location in nature

Want to know what types of water exist in the hydrosphere? They are divided by the location of the fluid on such subspecies:

  • Underground water is a liquid that lies in the aquifers of the earth's crust.
  • Underwater waters (submarines) are located under the oceans, large reservoirs and seas.
  • Artesian water runs between waterproof formations and is under great pressure.
  • Groundwater is the closer floasts closest to the surface of the earth.
  • Water sushi is lakes, rivers, swamps, sea, oceans and other surface natural water bodies.
  • Atmospheric water is a liquid accumulating in atmospheric layers.

Natural aqueous media

Various properties have natural types of water:

  • Water from springs is usually the cleanest.
  • Rain fluid is fresh water that falls on the ground in the form of precipitation.
  • Drinking water media is commonly used for drinking needs. Its composition and properties should not harm human health.

Liquid formed as a result of various types of human activity

Want to know how many types of water is formed as a result of a particular human activity? Then consider their varieties:

  • The tap liquid is supplied to our houses on the system of centralized water supply.
  • Sewer drains are a liquid that dismissed from our houses through the sewer system.
  • Waste water is waste of various manufacturing enterprises.
  • Boiled water.

What types of water are. Different types and properties of water

Other water waters

There are also types of water, differing in other properties and characteristics:

  • Alkaline water is a liquid with an index of an acid-alkaline balance exceeding 7.1.
  • The magnetic aqueous medium is processed by a magnetic field.
  • Deonized water (without impurities).
  • Apirogenic aqueous medium (water for injection).
  • Structured water.
  • Polyvoda.
  • Melt water.

You can order water analysis to identify its quality, characteristics and properties. The price of analysis depends on the indicators being checked and refined when the call is called.

What are the types of water


  • About sea water
  • About drinking water
  • About mineral water
  • About thermal water
  • About dead water

Talk about the pressing? Water. Water is a substance without which it is difficult to imagine life on Earth. Yes, and we could not live without water. Our distant ancestors understood this perfectly and therefore built their dwellings on the banks of the rivers and lakes.

Without water there is no life? No! Any living organism mainly consists of water. If you do not contain the body's water balance, irreversible changes in the human body will begin to consume water, right up to death.

Clear water for us is now freely available. It flows from our cranes, it is sold in bottles in the store. Pei do not want. But few of us think about the properties of water, about its diversity. You just imagine water is the only substance that may be in three states: in solid, liquid and gaseous. Is it not a miracle? Let's discuss various types of water.


It is long known that marine water is unsuitable for drinking, but this does not mean that it is not useful for the human body. A lot of microorganisms live in seawater, we still don't know anything about some of them, some carefully studied. Along with them in seawater there are trace elements useful for a person. From ancient Greek times it was believed that if we take regular baths with sea water, then it can be cured of some tumors and respiratory diseases.

Dr. from England, Richard Russell, allocated the beneficial properties of water:

  • Oiliness;
  • Bitterness;
  • Salinity;
  • The presence of nitrogen.

Thanks to his research, hydropaths and resorts began to open on the coasts, and with them and the sanatorium. Sea water, due to its mineral composition, favorably affects human health, both physical and mental. In seawater there are minerals such as: mineral salts, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iodine, iron, silicon, selenium, sulfur. Rest and swim useful on an absolutely any sea coast.


This is a water enriched with minerals and microelements, which is extracted from geothermal sources. It is usually underground water, heated to +20 degrees and released to the surface. If the temperature in such a source exceeds the average annual temperature of this area, then it is called a hot source.

Thermal sources are used to treat sick people. They are also used as heat supply and even as an alternative method for producing electrical energy.

The use of thermal water as a cosmetic agent was very popular. In this case, manufacturers produce it in the form of a sprayer or aerosol. Basically, water is sprayed on the purified face. This contributes to the saturation of the upper layer of the epidermis by various trace elements. Also, some thermal water compositions work as a pharmaceutical agent, which makes it possible to treat dermatological diseases.

Thermal water is distinguished by mineralization into several types. For example, isotonic thermal water contains one gram of mineral salts per liter, which is much smaller than in our skin. Such water is suitable for damaged skin, well, or very sensitive. But hypertensive thermal waters are suitable for almost everyone who has dense or oily skin of the face. In terms of minerals, such water exceeds the "skin" composition. If you need to quickly remove swelling on your face, then such water will be perfect for you. You will know!


The widespread source of drinking water itself is a water supply. In every house and the apartment from the crane flows water suitable for drinking. We get it from surface sources, such as rivers, reservoirs and lakes. In major cities, modern cleaning systems are used and therefore water is more secure.

Many people are trying to carry out additional water purification, which is used. Filters are installed, boiling water. There are many myths about boiling water. For example, re-boiling makes water "heavy" for perception by the body ... this is a delusion. The only minus of this cleaning is the deterioration of taste, nothing more.

If we talk about bottled water, then this is the same tap water that has passed several more cleaning steps.

Drinking water as well as food must comply with GOST. This standard allocates several categories of drinking water: the first category, the highest category and children's. We will figure it out in order. The first category of the first category must be safe for health, but may not contain calcium and magnesium, or they are contained in a very small amount.

The water of the highest category is safe and saturated with macro- and microelements. Usually, such water is recommended to drink athletes, since a sufficient amount in it elements helps maintain the balance of these elements in the body.

Children's water must be the safest and balanced. After all, the shortage or oversupply of micro and macroelements in the children's body can cause health problems.

It is very difficult to determine the safety of drinking water. Many people think that if the water is sold at a high price, then it is cleaner and tasty, no matter how ... the price is not an indicator of water quality.

Artesian water is suitable for use. This water extracted from deep wells drilled to a depth of 100 to 1000 meters. Such water is purified by natural filters, that is, soil layers. Passing through them, the water is saturated with useful trace elements and not very useful, such as iron.

Also for drinking, ice, ice and mountain water use. Such water manufacturers most often falsify, so you need to read the label carefully. Talay water is much more fast than artesian or water from the river. Very important place where it is collected. Production must be at the foot of the mountains, then the water will be clean and useful, and most importantly, the real melt.


What is mineral water and what types do there exist? Mineral water is water extracted from underground sources protected from pollution. Water in which the natural chemical composition is preserved. Have you been suspected that the basis of mineral water is raining? Yes, it is the rainwater that penetrates in the earth's bowl, filtered by the soil layers and dissolves an unreal amount of minerals and beneficial substances.

Mineral water is divided into several species: therapeutic, medical and dining room, dining room. Television mineral water I recommend drinking courses, while complying with a certain dosage. By the way, it can not only drink it, but also to do inhalation with her and even swim.

Therapeutic and dining mineral water has therapeutic properties. It helps to cure the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and also calms the nervous system. It is important to observe the measure. Excessive use of such mineral water can lead to a violation of the water-salt balance in the body.

Dining mineral water. The word "dining room" is associated with meals, lunch, and so on. But I can't prepare food on such water. When boiling, dining mineral water issues a precipitate from minerals and forms such compounds that our organism is unable to learn. Therefore, such water you just need to drink, it stimulates digestion well and has a beneficial effect on well-being. But remember about the measure. Measure is needed in everything!

Dead water

Surely, each of us heard the phrase "dead water". In fairy tales, this water eliminated a bad character. It was mined from a special source. Remember? "Dead water" exists not only in fairy tales, but also in real life. There are even instruments with which it is manufactured. Dead water is not a miracle, this is the result of a chemical reaction.

To obtain dead water, the liquid is subjected to electrolysis. As a result of electrolysis, a solution with a strong acidic acid-alkaline composition and a strong positive charge is formed.

Dead water is more often called anolyte. It is transparent with a light yellow tint. The taste and smell of sour and knit mouth. Dead water acts as an antiseptic, something like iodine or green.

There are still many properties with dead water. It can act as an antihistamine agent, an anti-inflammatory agent.

Well, now a little mysticism. Have you ever thought that the water has a memory? It is definitely! There is an assumption that water absorbs energy around and at that moment changes its structure, although the composition remains unchanged. Very interesting, reflect! According to the hypothesis of scientists of molecules in the composition of water - these are the memory cells, where it sees what sees, water hears and feels.

The use of water is difficult to overestimate. That's just a few glasses of cool water per day will help you cope with apathy and depression. And many scientists advise consuming two and a half liters of water per day. Such a quantity increases your performance and launches a quick metabolism. After all, all people on our planet are 90% consisted of water and therefore we are simply obliged to replenish this stock of our body.

Water covers 80% of the entire surface of the earth. Of these 80% of only three percent of fresh water, and from three percent of only one percent of drinking. Considering the fact that for each person, with a medium life expectancy, you need thirty-five tons. Critical ...

Numerous studies of scientists confirm the fact that there is no access to pure drinking water in the entire population of the globe. About two million people on Earth die annually from diseases caused by dirty water or thirst.

It is important to remember that water is your health, source of forces and energy. All this, unfortunately, do not buy for money, but also to save on clean water it is stupid and dangerous. Drink purified water and lead the right, healthy lifestyle.

The article checked and edited by Papa Vlada.

The source of the article is published on Website about water.

Water is a source of life. She is able to take different forms. We have long been calmly watching how it flows from the crane from us at home, we go to the sea and the lake to plunge into her coolness. But in essence, each of us knows so little about how many other types of water exists.

Water location

Where does liquid come from? It is known that there is a sufficient number of sources on our planet, which provide us with precious liquid.

  • Underwater water. In a different way, this is submarines, the location of which under the seas and oceans.
  • In the earth's crust there is another liquid - underground.
  • On land, the spaces of the seas, oceans, lakes, rivers stretch.
  • Groundwater are closer to the surface of the earth layer.
  • Artesian water hides between waterproof formations. She is always under great pressure.
  • It is worth noting the water that accumulates in atmospheric layers. It is called atmospheric.

Classification of water on the concentration of dissolved saline particles

There is a certain number of fluid classifications. We will understand more. Natural mineral water is a liquid that is in underground sources. It has a high concentration of active minerals. They make water useful. Mineralization level is different:

In sea water, many salts, usually up to 34.72%. As for fresh water, it contains no more than 0.1% of the salt. The so-called distilled liquid passes the necessary condensation processes. Thanks to this, all the salts and various impurities go. The intermediate state can be called strale water. They contain fewer minerals than in seawater, but more than in fresh. There is such a concept as soft and rigid water. The rigidity depends on how many salts in the fluid is contained. This is usually magnesium and calcium salts. The more salts are present in the water, the more tougher.

An interesting fact is that rainwater is soft. Why is this happening? In the process of vaporization of salt, the salt is filtered, and when water passes through the soil, it absorbs into the salts and becomes tough.

The presence of hydrogen isotopes in the water medium molecule

Under this feature you can select a lightweight water environment. This is a liquid that is cleaned from the heavy components in it. As a rule, drinking water is obtained. Liquid with hydrogen molecules substituted with severe hydrogen isotopes, and the same chemical formula, as in ordinary water, is called heavy.

Floating water in pure form does not happen. It can be found in small quantities in any form of fluid. There is superheavy water in which hydrogen molecules are replaced with 2 tritium isotopes. In this list, the semi-oxidic aqueous medium involving the presence of isotopes.

What water does a person produce?

As a rule, as a result of human activity, it is formed:

  • Water water - fluid, which is supplied to the house and apartment due to the water supply system.
  • Boiled water is a liquid that we boil.
  • Sewage water gathering in sewage.
  • Waste water is formed as a result of production activities. This is waste.

Obtaining an aqueous medium by interacting with different components

The fluid varies if there are other chemical elements in its composition. For example, water enriched with oxygen is called oxygen. There are other types of fluid:

  • silver;
  • silicon;
  • Coral (such water is formed at the proof of corals);
  • Golden;
  • Copper.

The same list also falls into the filtration fluid.

There are also such types of liquid as alkaline, the acid-alkaline balance indicator of which exceeds 7.1, and the magnetic, processed by the magnetic field. Water is still divided into:

  • apirogenic (liquid for injection);
  • Deonized (liquid without impurities).

Many people are still interested in the issue of water quality, which they drink and use. In this case, there are special analyzes in laboratories.

What is water?

Although the inaders water may seem very simple, in fact it is one of the most difficult-made substances in the universe. Not by chance water is the main life! There are many different properties, chemical and physical properties, all these properties do not even list in ten volumes. We do not put such a major task. Let's just figure it out, what is the water at all.

What is water?

From the point of view of science, it is customary to divide water into groups, subgroups, within which it belongs to a certain type on the basis of specific features. In fact, not always different types of water are very different from each other. We will not go into the details of scientific terminology, and simply split the water into the following simple "classes":

  • contaminated water, which is not worth drinking neither a man nor an animal
  • crude water from natural sources, which can, if necessary, quenched thirst, but causes problems with long-term use,
  • Purified water, which is filtered from mechanical impurities and is already relatively suitable for drinking,
  • High-quality clean drinking water that can be consumed for a long time.

To make sure the properties of water, it is necessary to carry out its chemical analysis. It will also not hurt to check water for various pathogenic bacteria. In Russia, water must comply with Sanpina standards: only then you can drink it. The highest quality water can be ordered in the company "Water Health".

What are the impurities?

Water has become the basis of all living things not just like this: it is an excellent solvent. That is why water contains a wide variety of impurities: these are organic compounds, metals, and gases, and other liquids.

Water contains heavy metals, such as iron. Water with iron has a yellow or red shade. The taste of such water is not very pleasant, it leaves divorces on heating devices of teapots and coffee makers.

Often in water you can detect the increased content of calcium salts and manganese. Such water is called "tough". It can output the heating elements of teapots and other equipment. Doctors do not advise taking such water for a long time: due to this, urolithiasis may develop.

In many natural water sources, it is possible to detect the so-called "heavy" water. This is another interesting chemical property of water. The fact is that, as you know from the course of school chemistry, the water molecule consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. And in nature, hydrogen is found in three types: ordinary hydrogen and two heavy isotope. Heavy water is obtained from these isotopes. In nature, millions of molecules of ordinary water accounts for one "heavy" molecule. However, due to anthropogenic activity, water can accumulate water consisting of the majority of "heavy" molecules. Such water should not be used.

It is impossible to drink water from sources that are near the agricultural lands. Usually farmers handle their facilities with different substances to increase yield. Fertilizers penetrate the soil and accumulate in water. Nitrites are very harmful substances that can kill a person.

From the Russian water supply, water is most often flowing, suitable for constant use. However, it is impossible to trust the water supply 100%. In the pipes, rust and pathogenic bacteria can form, water can be cleaned poorly, etc. So the most optimal source of clean water, the use of which will not be guaranteed to cause disease, this is bottled water from the company "Water Health".

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Classification of freshwater

We will pay attention to one of the most important liquids in our lives. Consider what water happens: what kind of composition it can have, where it is in nature, as interacting with various substances and components. Its varieties are greater than it seems, and not everyone is equally useful: some of them categorically cannot be used for drinking, cooking and even washing.

What happens

What kind of water

Associations immediately work with a school course of physics and three states come to mind: liquid, gaseous and solid. If you connect logic, you can still remember the heavy, saturated stiffness salts, distilled, fresh and sea, and even about coral. It's all? No, varieties are much larger and below we will go through the key features and properties of each of them.

What features is the classification of water

  • according to the presence and composition of isotopes in the molecule;
  • on the concentration (degree of dissolution) of salts and other impurities;
  • By source - they look, where it is precisely in the natural environment;
  • According to the nature of the interaction with other elements and components;
  • By the influence of a person who has it;
  • For more specific parameters.

And each of these groups can be divided (and consider) in more detail. So do it - this will make focus on the main differences and form the most complete impression of the diversity of existing options and the specifics of their use in everyday life or in industry.

Division depending on the presence of hydrogen isotopes in the molecule

There are 5 categories "Weights".

Personal (Easy)

The most common, possessing the atoms of the standard structure. Drinking water by 99.8% is precisely such (in any case, it should be it).

Deuterium (heavy)

It contains D, in the core of which one proton and neutron, due to which its atomic mass is 2. Accordingly, the chemical formula of such a liquid is D2O or 2H2O. With regular use he undermines health, but in pure form in natural conditions is not contained, and its share in the total stream is negligible (less than 0.1-0.2%).

Heavy frozen

This is an ice, but not quite ordinary, and the one that was formed as a result of cooling the deuterium oxide. The fact is that the temperature of crystallization is 3.80 ° C (compared to 0 0 ° C by Protiyeva). This property is successfully used in everyday life, cleaning fluid from hazardous isotopes and making it as easy as possible. They simply pour it into the container, put it in the refrigerator and remove the first thin crust formed under the action of frost.


Here, the atomic mass of which is already 3.01, the atomic mass of which is already 3.01, because of which this type of water is called superheavy, and its formula has acquired a type of T2O or 3H2O.

This compound is characterized by high radiotoxicity indicators, so it is not recommended to use it for drinking or cooking. It is good that in the undiluted state, it is not contained in natural conditions, but the existing concentration in the source (normally) is not enough to cause poisoning or other similar consequences.

Tritiery frozen

Again, it is ice obtained from T2O. It is even easier to allocate it than in the past case, since the crystallization temperature is at the so-called triple point and is already 4.49 0s. Therefore, the moment of formation of a crust on the walls of the vessel comes earlier and it is easier to notice it.

Types of water by the number of salts

4 types of water

The case should be viewed on the concentration of dissolved impurities (the excess of which is harmful, as it will be delayed on the inner surfaces of the pipeline, worsen the organoleptic properties of the fluid, carry a danger to health).


That is, with a low stringency, with a small percentage of magnesium and calcium compounds (as well as manganese and ferrous). From the share of their content directly depend on the color, taste and smell, as well as potential damage to the human body.


With the maximum degree of medium salinity - reaching 30-35%. Due to this, it is denser usual and unsuitable for drinking. Among other differences, the freezing temperature in -3 ... -7 0s and boiling is 110 ° C and higher (which is explained precisely the presence of CL and Na + ions, which takes extra time for heating.

It is curious that in its composition it can hardly contain all the common chemical elements, including precious metals. For example, 1 of its ton is from 7 to 18 mg of gold.

Sea ice

Frozen from liquid with a high degree of salinity, although it is also saturated with a whole fastener of foreign substances. Because of this, porous, which means and relatively elastic - it becomes harder to break it or split a piece. Crystallizes at -7 0s, tested above the level by 1/7, and not at 1/10.


The antipode of the previous one, since the concentration of calcium and magnesium compounds in it is minimal (at least nominally) - normally is at a mark to 0.1%. Due to this, it has neutral taste and odor and therefore suitable for drinking and cooking a variety of dishes.


This rather extensive subgroup includes those types of natural waters that are naturally enriched with various trace elements and other biologically active substances, and have therapeutic properties. Usually closed from underground sources. With the right selection, the regular use of one of them will have a positive effect on health.

According to the degree of useful impurities are divided into 2 categories:

  • weakly, low-, medium-, highly saturated;
  • Spring, ordinary and strong - even more concentrated.


It is a kind of intermediate, as compared to fresh it contains significantly more magnesium and calcium compounds, but this share is still not close as serious as in the sea. In the English-speaking environment is called Brackish Water.


Artificially, using the heating processes with evaporation and subsequent condensation, purified absolutely from all impurities: both from unwanted and from quite useful. Industry is used increasingly.


It removed from it the overwhelming part of the charged particles of unwanted substances, as a result of which they do not have their negative effect.

What are the types of water depending on the interaction with other components

Types of natural water

There are a number of elements dissolving in H2O in the process of natural or enaming mixing and providing certain properties. During their account, the liquid can be:


Purified by the appropriate mineral - it is believed that it has a healing force: tones, normalizes the work of the gastrointestinal tract, helps to cope with bronchitis and stomatitis, improves the condition of the hair, reduces allergic manifestations. But it can also be harmful in hypotension, heart pathologies, oncology.


Saturated Si, and this element strengthens the immunity and walls of the vessels, dissolves stones in the bladder and kidneys, normalizes metabolism. It can also be used for irrigation - it will take care of the yield of vegetables and fruits, and also protects from mold, fungus, rot, pest microbes. But cancer (or prerequisites for them), again, are considered to be contraindicated.


Actively advertised 10-15 years ago, today it is still surrounded by secrets, laudatory reviews and rumors. Some people attribute to her almost miraculous power in matters of weight loss, improving blood circulation, getting rid of pain. Others believe that the only thing that it differs from the usual is worth.

Such a discrepancy in opinions is practical evidence that water is different, and the coral effect is still not obvious and not studied to the end.


Species of fresh water

Enriched O2, thanks to which activates the supply and operation of cells. Stimulates the brain, normalizes the processes of digestion, increases muscle activity, endurance, stress resistance.


Past one or several phases of purification (as a result of which its organoleptic properties should be improved). For filtration equipment, contact the company "Water of Fatherland", and we will help you choose the necessary filters.


Saturated AG ions giving an antibacterial effect. But it is important that it is not too concentrated (0.05 mg / or less), otherwise the risk of intoxication appears.


This is a form of fresh water, which contains charged AU particles, due to this, it has a soothing effect on the central nervous system and at the same time tones the body, stabilizes the pulse, contributes to mental activity. It is used in the treatment of osteochondrosis, cramps, hysteria, muscle pain, impotence, but with restrictions imposed by doctors.


The same story as in the two previous cases, only now as additives Cu ions. As a result, we obtain a means to calm the spleen and liver, the basis of the compress to combat arthritis, the shredder of fungi and pathogenic flora as a whole. Just remember that this element is toxic, and therefore it is important not to overdo it with its use inside.

All 3 types of water in nature

What is water

Classification is also carried out by location. This indicator allocate the top three options - briefly consider each.


Locals in the formations located in the middle layers of the earth's crust, as well as in rocks, is closed directly from there.


During long years, defended in the natural basin, as a rule, under pressure, located deep enough - 20 meters and more. Differs in purity, including a relatively small percentage of microorganisms. May be saturated with minerals, due to this so popular today.


Contained on the so-called first horizon, that is, in the uppermost layers. It is quite a lot everywhere, including in the desert, but it is also rich, and it is not always useful - even the soil, the amount of precipitation or seasonality plays its role in the formation of its composition.

What water is in nature

All types of water

The medium in which the liquid is for a long time, also largely determines its final properties.


In fact, it is a silence, but with a small part of the deuterium and rich in malt and in general biological material. The various chemical elements in its thicker also grabs - we can say that it is even dirty. And therefore, in raw form, it is completely definitely unsuitable for use - it should be boiled or subject to another processing.


It is defended in comparatively closed sources and therefore is also oversaturated by microflora. It also is also dangerous by the fact that it does not move, which means he almost does not contain oxygen and accumulates harmful gases with toxins. Although there are exceptions - for example, Baikal and other historically unlucky pools.


Previously, she held an honorable place in the classification of drinking water: it was believed that it was not just clean, but even a healing. Of it, infusions and poultices were made, she washed hair and body for nutrition of vitamins, recovery, tonization.

Today, the times have changed. In the process of condensation in the clouds and falling on the Earth, the drops are saturated with atmospheric pollution and absorb the whole that poison that hovers around us in the air. Therefore, in our days, it is not recommended to use it without prior processing, even at the cottage or outside the city (and especially if it is collected from precipitation that have passed nearby from a large industrial enterprise).


Climbing from springs, the location of which is extremely important. If in the forest or steppes away from plants and settlements, this is really the type of drinking water, then in urban parks is the place of reproduction of microbes. Because in the latter case, it absorbs the part of poisonous waste into the soil and carries them to consumers. In essence, it is even more dangerous than that flows at home from the crane and passes multiple purification.

A modern exception is sources located outside the industrial feature and running through rocks or other solid rocks (after all, then the flow is still saturated with useful trace elements and acquires the miners charge).


Couples - obtained by boiling or other thermal influences used in industry and in everyday life in medicine and in cosmetology. Thanks to numerous advanced condensation methods, it can be returned to the fluid state, while it should be cleaned of harmful volatile impurities.

What fluids are depending on human activities

Water is different

Any fence we can be processed by changing organoleptic and other flow properties. "At the output" we can get the following variations:


Filtered, aerated, sterilized and sent to a centralized system so that residents of apartments and houses in cities and cottage settlements can use it. It is recommended to take it to cook it after thermal processing.


Preheated to 100 ° C, and after chilled; With such a temperature effect, many microbes die, so it is considered cleaner compared to raw. But dissolved impurities do not disappear, so that poisons, toxins and other "chemistry" will still harm.


They occupy a special place in the classification of freshwater, as they are among the most dirty. Are unsuitable for drinking or cooking, as designed to remove the already used fluid from houses (which will subsequently pass the comprehensive filtering and will become more suitable for operation in everyday life).


They are the most dangerous of all considered, as industrial waste is carried during production cycles. With their help, the enterprise is drained toxic and poisonous substances (and this plants and factories should be made from settlements and environmentally friendly zones), and therefore they are categorically impossible to be used in everyday life, even for washing clothes.

We looked at 4 types of water by nature of human activity, but it is not all.

Other options

Classification of drinking water

This category includes all that it is impossible to unambiguously attribute to some of the already named groups.


Personal, with impurities that appeared naturally. Contains microelements, bacteria, and D2O (Oxide concentration of the deuterium is insignificant). After competent cleaning becomes the most suitable.


With excess magnesium, calcium, ferruginous compounds. When reacting with detergents, it provokes the appearance of low-soluble salts on the underwear, the inner surfaces of pipelines and the Tan. Needs softening.


For some time, visiting the tank, on the walls of which undesirable substances were dated. We have already considered three types of water, and it is the cleanest, but also contains some percentage of bacteria, albeit less.


Placed in special carbon tanks, thanks to which it does not freeze even at -265 0. In essence, it is liquid ice, and scientists are already looking for how to apply it.


Created by artificially and possessing a very original condition: the oxygen atoms have crystallized, and hydrogen became gaseous. As a result, a solid superconductor was obtained.


Processed by the corresponding field used in industry and agriculture. It is not inclined to form science and paraffins, improves the permeability of tissues, which makes it the subject of many medical research (experts already think about how to apply it for therapeutic purposes).


Its pH-level is higher than the indicator of 7.1. It is accepted inward, as an alternative to mineral - those people who have acidity over the norm.

That's how many types of water exists, and we know how to cleanse those of them that need it.

Water is a source of life on Earth. Almost cells appeared in the ocean. The human body is 80% of the water, so it cannot live without it. It is this giving moisture that helps the existence of all plant and animal organisms. In addition, water is the most amazing substance on Earth. Only it can exist in those states: liquid, solid and gaseous. And even in its usual form, it is also diverse.

Few people on Earth know what water happens. But not differing from each other outwardly, different types of its species have special properties. Being the most common substance on Earth, it meets in every corner in different manifestations.

What is water

What types of water are

This liquid can be classified by different features. Water can be different depending on the place of its origin, composition, degree of cleaning and scope.

1. Types of water by its location in nature:

- Atmospheric is clouds, couples and precipitation;

- Water of natural sources - river, sea, spring, thermal and others.

2. Types of water in relation to the surface:

- underground water - artesian, soil and others;

- Surface, or water of all reservoirs.

3. Types of water for its chemical composition:

- on the presence of calcium and magnesium it is soft and rigid;

- in terms of the amount of hydrogen isotopes, high, heavy and superheavy water are distinguished;

- according to the presence of various salts, water is fresh and salty, alone is also distinguished by sea water;

- There is a completely purified water - distilled;

- If it has increased the content of biologically active minerals and microelements, it is called mineral.

What types of water are

4. What is water in the degree of cleaning it:

- distilled - this is the cleanest, but not suitable for human use;

- drinking water is a useful fluid from wells and artesian wells;

- tap water enters houses from various reservoirs after the purification procedure, but often does not correspond to hygienic standards, therefore it is considered to be household;

- filtered water is the usual plumbing, passed through various filters;

- There are still wastewater polluted in the process of human vital activity.

5. Sometimes people process water in various ways for therapeutic purposes. Such types are obtained:

- ionized;

- magnetic;

- Silicon;

- shungitov;

- oxygen-enriched.

Drinking water

Types of liquid that man uses the most varied. In antiquity, people drank water from any fresh natural source - rivers, lakes or spring. But in recent century, due to economic activity, they were contaminated. And the person is not only looking for new sources of clean drinking water, but also comes up with ways to clean the dirty one. Until contamination, many soil waters that occur deeply, and artesian sources, but this giving moisture is not available to everyone. Most uses conventional well or tap water, the quality of which is often very low. It may have various impurities, bacteria and even hazardous chemicals. Therefore, the water for drinking is better to clean in any convenient way.

Drinking water species

Drinking water cleaning methods

1. Filtering can be mechanical, chemical or electromagnetic. Most often use coal filters, they are the cheapest and easy-to-use. During filtration, water is exempt from sand impurities, metals and most bacteria.

2. Boil is used most often to disinfect water. It will not protect from impurities. Therefore, it is recommended to defend water before boiling during the day and not to use the sediment.

3. In recent years, the distribution has received water purification with various substances: shungitis, silicon, silver and others. So it not only disinfects, but also acquires therapeutic properties.

Mineral water

What is mineral water

For a long time, a person has discovered sources, the liquid in which has various therapeutic composims. By examining such water, people found out that it increased the content of various minerals and microelements. It was called mineral. Near such sources built sanatoriums and therapeutic institutions. Often people drink it and just like that, not knowing that it is different in composition and its action. What is mineral water?

- The dining room contains a small amount of mineral salts. It can be used as ordinary drinking, without restrictions. The degree of mineralization is up to 1.2 g / l. Many people drink her constantly, unaware that it is mineral.

- Table-healing mineral water can also be used without restrictions, if the degree of mineralization does not exceed 2.5 g / l. If it is higher, you can drink it no more than 2 glasses per day. Mineral waters such as Narzan, Borjomi, Essentuki, Novoter and others are very popular.

- Therapeutic mineral water can be used only by appointment of a doctor, because the different composition of it affects the body in different ways and helps with certain diseases. There are also many contraindications to its use. And if the degree of mineralization of such water exceeds 12 g / l, then it can only be used externally.

What is thermal water

If, before going to the surface, groundwater pass through the hot volcanic layers, they are heated and saturated with useful minerals. After that, they acquire healing properties, famous for people since antiquity. In recent years, thermal water is increasingly used for treatment and recovery. Its species are not very diverse, mainly it is divided by temperature.

Thermal water views

Near many thermal waters are built by the hospital. The most famous of them are a Karlovarian resort, as well as sources in Iceland and in Kamchatka.

Healing fluid

Speaking about what water happens, it is impossible not to mention those of its kinds that many diseases healed magically. The legends of living and dead water existed in many nations. And in recent years, scientists have found out that it really exists, and even got such a liquid with the help of special electrodes. Positively charged water is called dead and has sour taste. It has disinfecting properties. If the water is charged with negative ions, then it will acquire alkaline taste and healing quality. Such water was called alive. In addition, therapeutic properties acquires a liquid when exposed to a magnetic field, immersing silicon or shungitis minerals into it.

Not all people know what water happens. Unfortunately, many of them do not even suspect that this giving moisture can heal them from many diseases.

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